Tectona grandis Linn
Golden teak, known as Mai Suk Tong in Thailand, is the most pest-resistant of hardwoods and one of the world's most valuable timbers, recognized for its unique durability and matchless beauty. It was considered a ‘royal' tree by the kings of Thailand and Burma, who used it in building their most cherished palaces and temples. Teak withstands all types of weather, is resistant to the harshest chemicals, and is unaffected by fungi, rot, and termites. Unlike other woods, it isn't discolored by contact with metals, and has an exceptionally pronounced grain best accentuated by transparent varnishes.
Distribution: Native to southern Asia, Teak is today widely grown on plantations throughout tropical Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Uses: For centuries, the mainstay of the shipbuilding industry. The decks of the Titanic were of teak, and remain as good today as the day she sank in 1912. Teak is also widely used in the oil industry: as well as being highly resistant to fire, it is one of the very few timbers that can cope with the punishing heat of the desert. Extensively used in furniture and cabinetmaking, flooring, and garden furniture.
AMERICAN WHITE OAK
Common names: Northern white oak , Southern white oak
American White Oak is similar in colour and appearance to European oak. The sapwood of American White Oak is light coloured and the heartwood is light to dark brown and straight grained. White Oak is durable, notably stiff and dense, have high shock resistance and resist wear. Because of the high concentration of tannic acid, it is particularly resistant to fungi and insects. It has good resistance to splitting and excellent holding ability as well as good machining qualities.
Distribution: Eastern USA.
Uses: Flooring, doors, furniture, architectural joinery, moldings
Sapwood is white with a red tinge, heartwood is light to dark reddish brown.The wood is generally straight grained with a close uniform texture.
European Beech is considered by many the "perfect" hardwood and a delight to the hand and eye. This is due to its excellent physical properties, its light coloured appearance suitable for a wide range of stains and finishes and its ready availability to sustainably meet the needs of a demanding marketplace.
Uses: Flooring, doors, stairs, countertops, furniture, cabinets, structural, commercial and paneling.
The sapwood of Ash is light-colored to nearly white and the heartwood varies from grayish or light brown, to pale yellow streaked with brown. The wood is generally straight-grained with a coarse uniform texture.
Ash machines well, is good in nailing, screwing and gluing, and can be stained to a very good finish. It dries fairly easily with minimal degrade, and there is little movement in performance.
Common uses include furniture, flooring, doors, frames, architectural millwork and moulding, kitchen cabinets and paneling.
Daeng wood, or Burmese ironwood, is a characterful rich red-brown with dark-hued streaks. A very hard wood, it dries well and keeps its ‘luxury' color. Its durability makes it suited to heavy load-bearing and structural use in harbors, railway construction, and flooring.
Distribution: Burma, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Uses: Heavy durable construction, flooring, railway crossties, harbor work.
Shorea obtusa Wall. ex Blume
Popularly called Burma sal, or Siamese sal, this very heavy hardwood is keenly priced, but also immensely strong. Its finely grained beauty is enhanced by its cool gray color.
Distribution: Across South East Asia
Uses: Heavy structural use including house frames, interior and exterior flooring, paneling, quality cabinet making, shingles, industrial flooring.
Padauk, or nara wood, is a high-class, very heavy hardwood that combines superb strength with a fine grain in beautiful pink or dark orange. Sometimes named amboyna for the Ambon region of Indonesia, it is rose-scented and extremely resistant to termite infestation. The beauty of its grain has made it a popular veneer.
Distribution: Native to South East Asia, northern Australasia, and the western Pacific Ocean islands, including Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
Uses: Flooring, decorative use as a veneer, and for making the keys on a marimba.
Native to South East Asia from Thailand to the Philippines, this highly versatile wood has an even texture, its yellow color darkening to clear brown on exposure. Lined with greenish-brown streaks, it is used in a vast range of contexts, from boat-building to TV cabinets.
Distribution: Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand
Uses: Boat building, flooring, furniture components and cabinet making, railway ties, beams, desks, dining tables, wardrobes, heavy construction including beams, joists, and sub-flooring.
Highly resistant to termites, this wood has a variety of common names that reflect its distribution and pigmentation, including Laos rosewood, Burma blackwood, and Asian rosewood. Suited to high-quality crafting in musical instruments and rifle butts, as much as for agricultural implements, it is also widely used as a characterful veneer.
Distribution: Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam
Uses: Furniture, cabinets, doors, window frames, agricultural implements, musical instruments, plywood, veneer, rifle butts, high-quality handicrafts.
NEW ZEALAND PINE
NEW ZEALAND PINE
New Zealand Pine or common names are Radiata Pine , Monterey pine , pinus insignis.
Characteristics : heartwood is an even, light brown to chestnut brown colour, the sapwood is creamy white. Resin canals are present as fine brown lines in the latewood part of the growth rings, especially on radial surfaces, and these can be a handy means of identification. Texture is fine but uneven.
Distribution : New Zealand
Usage : decking, fencing, exterior cladding, window sashes, pergolas, landscaping, shingles, barge boards and exterior trim.Untreated, it can be used for furniture, mouldings, trim and panelling.Panel products